There are three qualities, material nature. They are working. And we are under the influence of either of them—either in the influence of goodness, or in the influence of passion or in the influence of ignorance. So when we are under the influence of ignorance, jaghanya-guṇa-vṛtti, then our behavior and activities becomes very abominable, very, very much abominable. And especially in this Kali-yuga, it is stated that people will have no fixed time for eating or sleeping or taking bath. In this way, their bodily features will be like ghost. That we are seeing actually. The hippies, they are becoming. Practically in this age there will be no place even for taking daily bath. That we see especially in this country. The apartment, there is no bathing place. They have to go outside.
So things are deteriorating very, very much. Adho gacchanti tāmasāḥ. Therefore the human civilization means to make progress towards the quality of goodness. That will help him for making further progress. Ūrdhvaṁ gacchanti sattva-sthāḥ (BG 14.18). Ūrdhvam means higher planetary system. Here it is said that api trailokya-rājyasya hetoḥ. Trailokya. Oṁ bhūr bhuvaḥ svaḥ. This is bhūr-loka. Above this, bhuvar-loka, and above that, svar-loka, heavenly planets. Oṁ bhūr bhuvaḥ svaḥ tat savitur vareṇyam. This is Gāyatrī-mantra.
So Arjuna is speaking of trailokya-rājyasya. He is ascertaining that, "Even if I get the kingdom of the three worlds, what to speak of only this earthly planet, what is the insignificant, even if I get the kingdom of trailokya—svarga, martya, pātāla, like that—still, I am not prepared to fight with my kinsmen, what to speak of this earthly planet." He decided like that. This is called family attachment. He is speaking, "Even in exchange of kingdom of the three worlds, I am not prepared to fight."
- api trailokya-rājyasya
- hetoḥ kiṁ nu mahī-kṛte
- nihatya dhārtarāṣṭrān naḥ
- kā prītiḥ syāj janārdana
- (BG 1.35)
"What I shall get by killing my cousin-brothers? And along with them, there are so many relatives."