Our fund of knowledge is very poor. We cannot present history of this present world more than three thousand years. But in the Vedic scripture we find history, millions and millions of years. That is the beauty of Vedic literature. So because we cannot find out in the modern day three thousand . . . more than three thousand years of chronological history, that does not mean that there was no history before and there was no historical incidences. No. That we should not conclude in that way.
So Kṛṣṇa says that, "I am speaking to you . . ." Sa evāyaṁ mayā te 'dya (BG 4.3): "What I am speaking to you now, today, it is not new. It was spoken long, long before. It is that oldest system of yoga I'm speaking to you." Bhakto 'si. Bhakto 'si: "And why I am speaking to you?" This is the point to be noted, that bhakto 'si. This Bhagavad-gītā yoga is to be understood by a person who is a bhakta, who is a devotee of Kṛṣṇa. Nobody can understand it.
Bhakto 'si me sakhā ceti rahasyam . . . because there is a mystery, mystery of Kṛṣṇa consciousness, which is impossible to be adopted by a person who is not a devotee of Kṛṣṇa. That is the qualification. To understand, to become Kṛṣṇa consciousness, it is rather a difficult job, because unless one is a devotee of Lord Kṛṣṇa, it will be a difficult problem. This, this very word, it suggests, bhakto 'si, that one's qualification must be that he's a devotee of Kṛṣṇa so that he can understand Bhagavad-gītā.
Now, Arjuna says that . . . now, people, why Arjuna? Anyone can say, "Well, Kṛṣṇa is a historical personality of Mahābhārata. How it is possible that He spoke to sun-god forty millions of years before? Oh, this is something wonderful. How can we believe it?" Suppose if I say that, "I narrated, I gave a speech in the sun planet, and forty millions of years before," you'll laugh: "Oh, Swāmījī's speaking some nonsense, that forty millions of years before he spoke that this Bhagavad-gītā in the sun planet." But He . . . that is not the case with Kṛṣṇa, because He's the Personality of Godhead. My case is different. If I say, you can disbelieve it. But when Kṛṣṇa says, you cannot disbelieve it.
So even if you believe it, or do not believe it, that position is being cleared by Arjuna. Because Arjuna knew it perfectly well that it is quite possible by Kṛṣṇa to speak such-and-such thing forty millions of years before, because He's the Supreme Personality of Godhead. But for others, who will hear this Bhagavad-gītā in future, for them, he's making the point clear and asking Kṛṣṇa, aparaṁ bhavato janma paraṁ janma vivasvataḥ; "My dear Kṛṣṇa, You are born just . . . You are contemporary of me. Say, eighty years or ninety years before You were born along with me. Your age and my age, practically the same. How it is possible that forty millions of years before You spoke to sun-god?" Just see. It is very intelligent question by Arjuna so that the point may be clear in future, people may not misunderstand Kṛṣṇa.
Aparaṁ bhavato janma paraṁ janma vivasvataḥ. Vivasvataḥ means the sun-god. "Oh, sun-god? Oh, sun planet was created some hundreds of millions of years before, and You say that You said to sun-god? How it is possible, because You are born not even hundred years completed?" Katham etad vijānīyāṁ tvam ādau proktavān iti: "Then how I am to understand it that You spoke formerly to sun-god?" It is, here . . . it is very intelligent question. It is very intelligent question.
Now, what Kṛṣṇa answers? Śrī-bhagavān uvāca. Now, it is particularly said that bhagavān uvāca: "The Personality of Godhead says." What does He say?
- bahūni me vyatītāni
- janmāni tava cārjuna
- tāny ahaṁ veda sarvāṇi
- na tvaṁ vettha parantapa
- (BG 4.5)
Now, the . . .
(aside) Yes, come on.
Kṛṣṇa says, "My dear Arjuna, yes, your question is very intelligent question that you are asking Me how it is possible that forty millions of years before I spoke this science of Bhagavad-gītā to the sun-god. Yes. But you, you should know it that," bahūni me vyatītāni janmāni tava cārjuna, "you and Myself . . . although I am God, I take incarnation many, many times. And you are a living entity; you are also taking your birth repeatedly so many times. So we have passed already. The difference between you and Me is this, that tāni veda . . . tāny ahaṁ veda sarvāṇi, I, I remember what I did in the past, long, long years before, but you cannot remember." That is the difference between God and man, or God and living entity.