Category:Teachings of Lord Caitanya 1975 Chapter 02 - Sanatana Gosvami
Pages in category "Teachings of Lord Caitanya 1975 Chapter 02 - Sanatana Gosvami"
The following 101 pages are in this category, out of 101 total.
- "How is this?" the mendicant upbraided him (Sanatana Gosvami). "You appear to be a very nice gentleman, but you are mocking me in this unmannerly way"
- "I am touching you just for My purification," the Lord (Caitanya Mahaprabhu) replied (to Sanatana Gosvami), "for you are a great devotee. By your devotional service you can deliver the whole universe and enable everyone to go back to Godhead"
- "I have seen your two brothers (Rupa Gosvami and Vallabha)," the Lord then informed him (Sanatana Gosvami), "and I have advised them to proceed toward Vrndavana"
- "If you don't accept these coins, then someone else will take them from me," Sanatana replied (to hotelkeeper). "Someone will kill me for them, so it is better that you take them. I offer them to you"
- "Just take your rest tonight," he (hotelkeeper) told him (Sanatana Gosvami), "and in the morning I shall arrange for you to get out of this jungle trap"
- "Of course I can let you (Sanatana Gosvami) go," the jailkeeper replied, "for you have done many services for me, and you are in government service. However, l'm afraid of the Nawab"
- "Whatever I am doing to become free from material attachment is all Your mercy," Sanatana replied. The Lord was very much pleased with him, and both of them discussed spiritual advancement
- "Where is your valuable blanket?" the Lord (Caitanya) immediately inquired (Sanatana Gosvami). Sanatana informed Him about the exchange, and the Lord loved him for this and thanked him
- "You have submitted sick reports," the Nawab told Sanatana Gosvami: "But I sent my physician to see you, and he reported that you have no illness at all"
- A devotee, although born in a candala (dog-eater) family, can purify his whole family for one hundred generations, past and future, by devotional service, whereas a proud brahmana cannot even purify himself
- After bathing, Candrasekhara gave him (Sanatana Gosvami) some good cloth. When Lord Caitanya was informed that Sanatana did not accept new garments but later accepted only some used garments from Tapana Misra, He was very glad
- After Lord Caitanya accepted the renounced order of life (sannyasa), He traveled all over India. During this period He went to Maldah, a district in Bengal
- After performing these religious rituals (known as purascarya), the younger brother, Sakara Mallika (Rupa Gosvami), returned home with an immense amount of money which he had acquired during his government service
- After resting, Lord Caitanya introduced one Maharastriya brahmana, a devotee of His, to Sanatana, and that Maharastriya brahmana invited Sanatana to accept lunch daily at his place as long as he remained in Benares
- Although Caitanya Mahaprabhu was inside the house, He could understand that Sanatana had arrived at the door, and He asked Candrasekhara to call the man who was sitting there. "He is a Vaisnava, a great devotee of the Lord," Caitanya Mahaprabhu said
- Although Lord Caitanya was overlooking the blanket, Sanatana understood that He did not approve of such a valuable garment on his body, and therefore Sanatana decided to get rid of it
- "As long as I remain in Benares, I will beg from door to door," Sanatana said. "But the Lord (Caitanya Mahaprabhu) will be so good as to accept this invitation for daily lunch at your house"
- At length, Caitanya Mahaprabhu asked Sanatana to sit down with Him on a bench. He was touching the body of Sanatana with His hand, and Sanatana asked Him again, "My dear Lord, please do not touch me"
- Because he (the devotee of Lord Krsna) is carrying the Supreme Lord within his heart, the devotee can purify everyplace and everything
- Being inspired by Lord Caitanya, they (Sanatana Gosvami and Rupa Gosvami) decided to retire from government service and join His sankirtana movement
- Both brahmanas and Vaisnavas are supposed to be fully engaged in transcendental service, and Rupa Gosvami, considering their important transcendental position, gave them fifty percent of his wealth
- Brahmanas are meant to understand the Absolute Truth, and once they understand the truth and actually engage in the loving service of the Lord, they can be called Vaisnavas
- Caitanya Mahaprabhu quoted Srimad-Bhagavatam to the effect that if a brahmana is not a devotee of the Supreme Lord, then he is lower than the lowest of the low, even though he may be qualified with the twelve brahminical qualities & born in a high family
- Candrasekhara came out to see the man, but he saw no Vaisnava at the door. He saw only a man who appeared to be a mendicant. The Lord then asked to see the mendicant, and when Sanatana entered the courtyard, Caitanya hurriedly came to see and embrace him
- Five items-time, worship, offering of respect, offering of oblation into the fire and offering of food to a brahmana-comprise purascarya. This and other rituals are mentioned in the hari-bhakti-vilasa, the authoritative book of directions
- For the satisfaction of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, he (Rupa Gosvami) distributed fifty percent of his accumulated wealth to persons engaged in the Supreme Lord's transcendental loving service
- Generally a person bequeaths all his accumulated wealth to his family members and then retires from family activities in order to make progress in spiritual knowledge
- Greedy to get the money, the jailkeeper agreed to the proposition and let him (Sanatana Gosvami) go. In the meantime, Rupa Gosvami, with his younger brother Sri Vallabha, had started for Vrndavana to meet Caitanya Mahaprabhu
- I (Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami) offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, by whose mercy even a person in the lowest form of life can find direction in transcendental devotional service to the Lord - CC Madhya 20.1
- "I am not joking with you," Sanatana informed him (mendicant). "I am very serious. Will you kindly exchange that torn quilt for this blanket?" Finally the mendicant exchanged his torn quilt for the blanket, and Sanatana returned to the Lord
- "I do not know the mercy of Krsna," Sanatana replied (to Caitanya Mahaprabhu), "but I can understand that Your mercy upon me is causeless. You have delivered me from the entanglement of material life"
- I understood that you (Sanatana Gosvami) had eight coins with you, and I was thinking of killing you to take them," the hotelkeeper confessed. "But I can understand that you are such a good man that you don't have to offer me the money
- If one offers charity to a brahmana who is not a devotee, the Lord does not accept; but if something is offered to a devotee, the Lord accepts. In other words, whatever a person wishes to offer the Lord may be given to His devotees
- In Maldah there was a village named Ramakeli, where two government ministers of the Nawab Hussain Shah's regime lived. These two ministers were named Dabira Khasa and Sakara Mallika, and they were later to be renamed Sanatana Gosvami and Rupa Gosvami
- In Patada, Sanatana Gosvami rested in a hotel, but the hotelkeeper was informed by an astrologer employed there that Sanatana Gosvami had some gold coins with him. The hotelkeeper, desiring to get the money, spoke to Sanatana with seeming respect
- In the Vedic literatures it is stated that the Personality of Godhead does not recognize a person who is very learned in all the divisions of the Vedas, but, rather, He likes a person who is a devotee, even though he may be born in a low family
- Indeed, the silver and gold coins he (Rupa Gosvami) brought back filled a large boat. After arriving home, he divided the accumulated wealth first in twain and distributed one part to the brahmanas and Vaisnavas
- It appears that Rupa Gosvami got permission to join Lord Caitanya, but Sanatana Gosvami did not. Therefore Sanatana Gosvami entrusted the responsibilities of his government service to his immediate assistants & he remained home to study Srimad-Bhagavatam
- It is confirmed in Bhagavad-gita (BG 4.34) that one should approach a man of authority and learn the science of spiritual life from him
- It is said in the Hari-bhakti-sudhodaya (13.2): O devotee of the Lord, to glorify your qualities is the perfection of the tongue, for it is very rare to find a pure devotee like you
- It is said in the Hari-bhakti-sudhodaya (13.2): O devotee of the Lord, to see you is the perfection of the eyes, to touch your body is the perfection of bodily activities
- It was said that the Nawab used to treat Sanatana Gosvami like a younger brother
- Lord Caitanya asked Ramananda Raya questions, and Ramananda replied as if he were the teacher of the Lord. However, in this case Sanatana put questions to the Lord, and the Lord answered them Himself
- Lord Caitanya not only asked Candrasekhara to provide Sanatana with a bath and clean shave but with a change of clothes as well
- Lord Caitanya then introduced Candrasekhara and Tapana Misra to Sanatana, and Tapana Misra pleasantly invited Sanatana to dine with him
- Lord Caitanya was very much pleased by the behavior of Sanatana, but He noticed the valuable blanket that was given to him by his brother-in-law while en route to Benares
- Maharaurava, or hell, is described in Srimad-Bhagavatam as a place meant for persons who are engaged in killing animals, for it is stated there that butchers or animal eaters go to that hell
- Many subjects were thoroughly discussed in the talks between Lord Caitanya and Sanatana Gosvami. Due to the mercy of Lord Caitanya, Sanatana was able to put important questions before Him, and these questions were replied to properly
- On hearing the Nawab, Sanatana Gosvami replied that he was unable to continue work and that it would be very kind of the Nawab to appoint someone else to execute the work that was entrusted to him
- On the way, Sanatana met his rich brother-in-law who was also in the government service and who offered him an excellent blanket, which he accepted at his special request. Then he parted from him and went on alone to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Benares
- Sanatana advised the jailkeeper to gladly accept the five thousand coins from him and let him go because by accepting the money he would not only be materially benefited but would also be acting very righteously by freeing Sanatana for spiritual purposes
- Sanatana at once took the gold coins and offered them to the hotelkeeper. He then requested that the hotelkeeper help him through the jungle
- Sanatana did not like the idea of the servant carrying such money. He became angry with him and said, "Why do you carry this death knell on the road?
- Sanatana Gosvami and Rupa Gosvami appointed two learned brahmanas to perform certain Vedic religious rituals that would enable them to achieve complete freedom for the devotional service of Krsna. These preliminary activities are known as purascarya
- Sanatana Gosvami even engaged some ten or twenty learned brahmanas and began an intensive study of Srimad-Bhagavatam in their company. While he was thus engaged, he submitted sick-leave reports to his employer, the Nawab
- Sanatana Gosvami immediately went to the bank of the Ganges, and there he saw a mendicant washing an old quilt. When Sanatana asked him to trade the old quilt for the valuable blanket, the poor mendicant thought that Sanatana was joking with him
- Sanatana Gosvami was indicating that since the governor (the Nawab) was engaged in hunting animals and in killing men to expand his kingdom, let both of them suffer according to the acts they were performing
- Sanatana informed the hotelkeeper that he was on a special journey for the government and that since he could not travel on the open road, it would be very kind if the hotelkeeper would help him through the jungles and over the mountains
- Sanatana invented a story which the jailkeeper might submit to the Nawab - as to how he had escaped - and he raised his offer to ten thousand coins
- Sanatana offered five thousand coins to the keeper of the jail in which he was being held in custody
- Sanatana then proceeded to go to see the Lord. He did not travel on the open road but went through the jungles until he arrived at a place in Bihar called Patada
- Sanatana was suspicious of his (hotelkeeper's) behavior, and he inquired from his servant Isana whether he had money, and Isana told him that he had seven gold coins
- Seeing Sanatana and Lord Caitanya acting thus, Candrasekhara was struck with wonder
- Since the Nawab was principally engaged in conquering different parts of the country and also in hunting, he depended largely on Sanatana Gosvami for government administration
- Tapana Misra did not offer Sanatana food immediately, however, but after the Lord (Caitanya Mahaprabhu) finished His eating there were some remnants of His foodstuff, and that was offered to Sanatana while the Lord took His rest
- Ten thousand coins were deposited for expenditures incurred by his (Rupa Gosvami's) elder brother, Sanatana Gosvami
- The hotelkeeper then gave him (Sanatana Gosvami) all assistance, and that very night he helped him get past the hills
- The instructions and teachings of Caitanya are very important for people in general. He teaches the process of devotional service, which is the constitutional occupation of every living entity, for it is every man's duty to advance in spiritual science
- The jailkeeper replied: What will he (the Nawab) do when he hears that you (Sanatana Gosvami) are free? l'll have to explain everything to him. How can I accept such a proposal?
- The Lord (Caitanya Mahaprabhu) went to Tapana Misra's house for lunch and asked him to keep food for Sanatana
- The Lord accepts a person for devotional service only when he is completely free from all material possession
- The Lord inquired (Sanatana Gosvami): "How did you get free from your custody? I understand that you were arrested." Sanatana then narrated the whole story of his release
- The Lord proceeded to quote a verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam to the effect that a person who is a devotee of Lord Krsna and is one hundred percent engaged in devotional service is far better than a brahmana who is versed in all the Vedic literatures
- The Lord requested Candrasekhara to take Sanatana to a barber and make him "gentle," for Sanatana had grown a long beard which Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu did not like
- The Lord then told Sanatana: "It would not look good for you to be a mendicant and beg from door to door with such a valuable blanket on your body. It is contradictory and people would look on it with abhorrence"
- The Lord told Sanatana that Krsna is very merciful and is the deliverer of fallen souls. "He has saved you from Maharaurava," the Lord said
- The Lord told Sanatana: "You are intelligent enough, and you have now exhausted all your attraction for material wealth"
- The meeting of Sanatana Gosvami and Lord Caitanya teaches us that to understand spiritual subject matters one must approach a spiritual master like Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and make submissive inquiries
- The Nawab pleaded with Sanatana Gosvami: If you also retire from government service, how will the administration carry on?
- The Nawab told Sanatana Gosvami: As you know, I completely depend on you and your responsible work in government
- The Nawab told Sanatana Gosvami: I was free to act in other matters because I was depending on you, but if you do not join me, your past devotion will be spoiled. Now, what is your intention? Please tell me
- The Nawab told Sanatana Gosvami: Since I did not know why you were submitting sick reports and not attending to your service, I have personally come to see you. Frankly, I am much perturbed by your behavior
- The Nawab was intelligent, and he understood Sanatana Gosvami's purpose. He left the house in an angry mood, and shortly afterward he went off to conquer Orissa. He ordered the arrest of Sanatana Gosvami and commanded that he be held until he returned
- The remaining fifty percent (of wealth) was again divided in twain - he (Rupa Gosvami) distributed one part to his relatives and dependent family members, and the other he kept for personal emergencies
- The ruler (the Nawab) was so anxious for Sanatana Gosvami's advice in government matters that he suddenly appeared at his house
- The twenty-five percent of his (Rupa Gosvami's) accumulated wealth which he kept for personal emergencies was deposited with a good business firm, since in those days there were no banks
- These ritualistic functions (purascarya) demand that three times a day one worships and offers respects to his forefathers, offers oblations to a fire, and respectfully offers food to a learned brahmana
- Upon hearing Sanatana Gosvami, the Nawab became very angry and said, "Your elder brother lives like a hunter, and if you also retire from the administration, everything will be finished"
- Upon learning that his elder brother (Sanatana) had been arrested by the Nawab, Rupa Gosvami sent information that ten thousand coins were being held in the custody of a grocer in Gauda (Bengal) and that this money could be used as ransom for his brother
- Upon making this decision (to retire from government service and join Lord Caitanya's sankirtana movement), the two brothers (Sanatana Gosvami and Rupa Gosvami) at once took steps to leave their material engagements
- We find the behavior of Rupa Gosvami to be exemplary; he gave fifty percent of his wealth for spiritual purposes. This should serve as an example for everyone
- When Sanatana emerged from the hills, he requested that his servant go home with the one coin that he still had with him, for Sanatana decided that he would go on alone. After the departure of his servant, Sanatana felt completely free
- When Sanatana Gosvami reached Benares, he understood that the Lord was there, and he became overjoyed. He was informed by the people that the Lord was staying at the house of Candrasekhara Acarya, and Sanatana went there
- When the Lord embraced him, Sanatana became overwhelmed with spiritual ecstasy, and he said, "My dear Lord, please do not touch me." But both of them embraced each other and began to cry
- When the Nawab entered the house where Sanatana Gosvami and the brahmanas were assembled, they all stood up to receive him respectfully, and they offered him a place to sit
- With torn clothing and a waterpot in hand, he began to proceed toward Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu